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          invaluable和valuable意思相反?搞錯可就尷尬了!

          Source: 恒星英語學習網    2019-07-31  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  

          In many words, IN- means the opposite or “not”:
          在很多單詞里,IN-前綴都是相反的或“不”的意思:

          inconsistent = NOT consistent 不一致的
          insufficient = NOT sufficient 不足的
          independent = NOT dependent 獨立的,不依賴的
          incorrect = NOT correct 錯誤的,不正確的

          However, there are some exceptions that might be confusing
          但其實并不是所有的詞都是這樣,也是有例外的


          VALUABLE VS. INVALUABLE


          If something is valuable, it means it is worth a lot of money, or is very important. A gold necklace is valuable – it might cost $1,000.

          如果某物是valuable,意思是它值很多錢,或者非常重要。一條金項鏈很值錢——可能要1000美元。

          You might imagine that invaluable means “not valuable” – but that’s not true! The word invaluable means extremely valuable; the value is so great that it is impossible to measure. A unique and famous painting like the Mona Lisa is invaluable.

          你可能自然而然地就認為invaluable的意思是沒有價值,但事實并非如此!Invaluable的意思是極其貴重的;它的價值是如此之大,以致于無法衡量。像《蒙娜麗莎》這樣獨一無二,舉世無雙的畫作是無價的。

          You can also describe non-physical things as invaluable – for example, if someone gave you advice that drastically changed your life for the better, you could say that their advice was invaluable – it was SO valuable and SO important that it’s impossible to measure how much it was worth.

          你也可以把非物質的東西描述為無價之寶,例如,如果有人給你的建議徹底改變了你的生活,你可以說他們的建議是無價之寶——它是如此貴重并且重要以至于無法去衡量它的價值。

          valuable / væljʊb(ə)l/ adj. 貴重的;有價值的;可估價的
          invaluable /ɪn væljʊ(ə)b(ə)l/ adj. 無法估計的, 非常寶貴的


          FAMOUS VS. INFAMOUS


          The adjective famous describes someone or something that a lot of people know about.
          形容詞famous描述的是很多人都知道的人或事。

           

          Does infamous mean the opposite, “not famous”? No! Infamous means being famous for a BAD reason. For example, a criminal who has robbed 10 big banks would be an infamous bank robber – a lot of people know about him, but it’s because of something negative, because of his bad behavior.

          那infamous就是它的反義詞“不出名”的意思嗎?不是!Infamous的意思是因為不好的原因而出名。例如,一個搶劫了10家大銀行的罪犯會是一個臭名昭著的銀行搶劫犯——很多人都知道他,但這是因為一些負面的東西,因為他的壞行為。

           

          A person is infamous when they have a very bad reputation that is known by a lot of people. We can also use this word for things that are not people.

          當一個人有很多人都知道的壞名聲時,他就是臭名昭著的。我們也可以用這個詞來形容非人類的事物。

          If there’s a city that has terrible traffic all the time, we can talk about the infamous traffic jams there – again, well-known for a bad reason.

          如果有一個城市的交通一直很糟糕,我們可以說那里有臭名昭著的交通狀況,由于眾所周知的一個壞事情而被周知。
          famous / feɪməs/ adj. 著名的;[口]極好的,非常令人滿意的
          infamous / ɪnfəməs/ adj. 無恥的;聲名狼藉的;邪惡的;不名譽的

          Note that there’s a pronunciation difference as well:
          注意一下這兩個詞發音上的不同:
          FA-mous (“a” like in “name”, stress on “FA”)
          a像是name里a的發音,重音在fa
          IN-fa-mous (“a” sounds like “uh”, stress on “IN”)
          a像是uh的發音,比較輕,重音在in


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